Subscribe for Updates

Growing Strawberries in Victoria

Introducing Strawberries

A classic, easy to grow fruit, strawberries can be grown in even the smallest home gardens. They are also delectable in hanging baskets. There are over 45 varieties, try Kunowase, Cambridge or Alinta for Victoria.

Classic Mistakes

Strawberry plants are prone to getting viral and fungal diseases, so allowing your strawberries to become over crowded, or the beds to be filled with dead leaves and weeds will make the them more susceptible to these diseases.


Grow in: Partial Shade - Full Sun

Strawberries are actually a cool climate crop, so you may need to set up some shade cloth to protect your plants from the intense summer sun.

Soil Preparation

Strawberries prefer acid soils, but will grow in a variety of conditions. Dig in compost and manure; then add rock dust and potash. Avoid high nitrogen rich fertilisers, and areas which have previously been used to grow beans, peas and other legumes, or any other berries. For planting, dig out a bed, put down some chicken manure, with several handfuls of blood and bone, then compost and finish with the original soil in a mound about 15cm high. Plant crowns on top of the mounds.

Sowing Seed

Sow seed: June-August
Sowing depth: Twice the height of the seed.

Chill in the freezer for 2-4 weeks before planting.

Growing strawberries from seed is not for the impatient gardener, as most plants grown from seed will only bear fruit a year after planting (or 5 months in the case of Alpine strawberries). Its usually quicker and easier to grow strawberries from crowns or runners.


Plant seedlings: April-September

Plant crowns from April to September. Plan them as early as you can to give them time to become established before spring arrives.

Plant the crown at ground level and make sure all the roots are covered.


Propagating strawberry plants is easy and can be incredibly rewarding. You can use one of 3 methods:

1.Once more crowns begin to grow from the base of the plant, separate them carefully and then replant where you want them.

2.Propagate from runner. This is the safest and easiest method of propagating strawberry plants. Simply guide one of the runners from an established plant into a neighbouring pot or container with nutritious soil and wait for it to establish a strong root system. The runner will eventually dry up and break off, and you will be free to move the pot to its new home.

3. Grow new plants from seeds from your previous harvest.


Remove runners and dead leaves during fruiting season to increase fruit production. Take the plants out of the ground every year, replant in a new bed, and use runners to propagate new plants.


Drip irrigating works wonderfully for strawberries. Keep the soil moist by watering regularly, but avoid over watering, as this can make the fruit rot and attract snails. When the bulk of the harvest is nearly ripe, avoid heavy soaking to increase the flavour. Watering too much during this phase might mean bigger fruit, but a decrease in flavour.


Fertilise in autumn with compost and worm castings if available. Apply liquid seaweed fortnightly- it protects the leaves from frosts and some pests, and sweetens fruits. Feed with liquid potash when flowers appear to sweeten fruit.


Plastic mulch, with holes perforated for the plants is an option. This will help to control weeds and keeps the plants warm, but it can also impact soil health negatively, and does not biodegrade. The natural alternative is clean straw mulch, which can be added closely around the plants. Pine needle mulch around the plants is also a good option, because it increases soil acidity.


Harvest: October-December

You can expect to pick the first fruit 20-35 days after the flowers appear. Wait until the fruit is shiny and deep red and then pick them by cutting the stem. Once picked, they will keep in the refrigerator for 3 -5 days.

What to Plant Now

What to do about Fungus?

Fungal infections are many and varied, remove damaged leaves and weeds, and spray with copper spray in autumn. You will need to replace plants every two to three years and rotate planting sites to keep plants healthy.

What to do about Snails and slugs?

Mulch well, avoid the area becoming too moist, and spread coffee grounds around the edge of the beds- and pick and squash any invaders.

What to do about Possums?

Net plants as soon as fruit starts forming.

What to do about Birds?

Net plants as soon as fruit starts forming.

What to do about Aphids?

Viral infestations can be caused by aphids. Use soap sprays, or manually remove the aphids.
Free E-Book
Get Our Excellent
"Checklist For A Productive Garden"
Congratulations! You've Subscribed!
Check your email to receive the eBook...